Louis Antoine Fauvelet De Bourrienne

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Louis Antoine Fauvelet De Bourrienne. Memoirs Of Napoleon Bonaparte CHAPTER XI. 1807 Abuse of military power—Defence of diplomatic rights—Marshal Brune. › Find signed collectible books by 'Louis Antoine Fauvelet de Bourrienne' English. The Life of Napoleon Bonaparte, Volume 3. By Louis Antoine Fauvelet de Bourrienne. ISBN 061 (978-1-148-92006-1) Softcover, Nabu Press, 2010. Louis Antoine Fauvelet de Bourrienne (July 9, 1769 – February 7, 1834), French diplomat, was born at Sens. He was educated at the military school of Brienne in Champagne along with Napoleon Bonaparte. Louis Antoine Fauvelet de Bourrienne (July 9, 1769 – February 7, 1834), French diplomat, was born at Sens. He was educated at the military school of Brienne in Champagne along with Napoleon Bonaparte; and although the solitary habits of the latter made intimacy difficult, the two youths seem to have been on friendly terms. However, the stories of their very close friendship, as told in Bourrienne's memoirs, are. BOURRIENNE, LOUIS ANTOINE FAUVELET DE (1769–1834), French diplomatist, was born at Sens on the 9th of July 1769. He was educated at the military school of Brienne in Champagne along with Napoleon Bonaparte; and although the solitary habits of the latter made intimacy difficult, the two youths seem to have been on friendly terms.

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Memoirs Of Napoleon Bonaparte

< 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica

Memoirs Of Napoleon

1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 4
Bourrienne, Louis Antoine Fauvelet de

Louis Antoine Fauvelet De Bourrienne

BOURRIENNE, LOUIS ANTOINE FAUVELET DE (1769–1834),French diplomatist, was born at Sens on the 9th of July1769. He was educated at the military school of Brienne inChampagne along with Napoleon Bonaparte; and although thesolitary habits of the latter made intimacy difficult, the twoyouths seem to have been on friendly terms. It must, however,be added that the stories of their very close friendship, as told in Bourrienne’s memoirs, are open to suspicion. Leaving Brienne in1787, and conceiving a distaste for the army, Bourrienne proceededto Vienna. He was pursuing legal and diplomaticstudies there and afterwards at Leipzig, when the FrenchRevolution broke out and went through its first phases. Notuntil the spring of 1792 did Bourrienne return to France; atParis he renewed his acquaintance with Bonaparte. They led aBohemian life together, and among other incidents of that excitingtime, they witnessed the mobbing of the royal family in theTuileries (June 20) and the overthrow of the Swiss Guardsat the same spot (August 10). Bourrienne next obtained adiplomatic appointment at Stuttgart, and soon his name wasplaced on the list of political émigrés, from which it was notremoved until November 1797. Nevertheless, after the affair of13th Vendémiaire (October 5, 1795) he returned to Paris andrenewed his acquaintance with Bonaparte, who was then secondin command of the Army of the Interior and soon received thecommand of the Army of Italy. Bourrienne did not proceedwith him into Italy, but was called thither by the victoriousgeneral at the time of the long negotiations with Austria(May-October 1797), when his knowledge of law and diplomacywas of some service in the drafting of the terms of the treaty ofCampo Formio (October 17). In the following year he accompaniedBonaparte to Egypt as his private secretary, and left avivid, if not very trustworthy, account of the expedition in hismemoirs. He also accompanied him on the adventurous returnvoyage to Fréjus (September-October 1799), and was of somehelp in the affairs which led up to the coup d’état of Brumaire(November) 1799. He remained by the side of the First Consulin his former capacity, but in the autumn of 1802 incurred hisdispleasure owing to his very questionable financial dealings.In the spring of 1805 he was sent as French envoy to the free cityof Hamburg. There it was his duty to carry out the measures ofcommercial war against England, known as the ContinentalSystem; but it is known that he not only viewed those tyrannicalmeasures with disgust, but secretly relaxed them in favourof those merchants who plied him with douceurs. In the earlyspring of 1807, when directed by Napoleon to order a largenumber of military cloaks for the army, then in East Prussia,he found that the only means of procuring them expeditiouslywas to order them from England. After gaining a large fortunewhile at Hamburg, he was recalled to France in disgrace atthe close of 1810. In 1814 he embraced the royal cause, andduring the Hundred Days (1815) accompanied Louis XVIII. toGhent. The rest of his life was uneventful; he died at Caen on the 7th of February 1834, after suffering from a mental maladyfor two years.

The fame of Bourrienne rests, not upon his achievements or hisoriginal works, which are insignificant, but upon his Mémoires,edited by C. M. de Villemarest (10 vols., Paris, 1829–1831), whichhave been frequently republished and translated. The best Englishedition is that edited by Colonel R. W. Phipps (4 vols., London,1893); a new French edition has been edited by D. Lacroix (5 vols.,Paris, 1899–1900). See Bourrienne et ses erreurs, volontaires et involontaires(Paris, 1830), by Generals Belliard, Gourgaud, &c., fora discussion of the genuineness of his Memoirs; also Napoléon et ses détracteurs, by Prince Napoleon (Paris, 1887; Eng. trans., London,1888). (J. Hl. R.) 

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